Essay Civilization And Its Discontents Essay About Classroom
In this work, Freud expounds on his earlier work on the sense of guilt of the superego.
He postulates that this sense of guilt is the source of all human civilization.
Rather, it is driven by the desire to oppose this primal aggressive nature of man.
Freud's argues that man's destructive drive is especially strong, this theory gained traction due to the advent of the First World War.
He argues that man's drive to be civilized comes from the superego that is driven by guilt and remorse.
Consequently, Freud argues civilization emerges from this delicate balance to fulfill individual desire and the sanctions from the superego.
This is because, for some, dealing with the restrictions that society places on their primal nature becomes too much.
Freud views religion as a way in which human being deal with psychological issues that constantly face them.Civilization and Its Discontent was Freud's last major work.It also happened to be the most influential of his works.Despite this fact, civilization brings man a lot of grief.Consequently, Freud argues that the reason for most mental illness is man's inability to deal with the realities of civilized society.In his book, Freud argues that guilt and shame are some of the primary drivers for man to inhibit his primal urges.In addition to that, he firmly states that guilt is derived from the individuals desire to fulfill these urges.In the book, Freud views civilization as emerging form the destructive and constructive nature of man.Two opposing forces that Freud names Eros and Thanatos take center stage in this book.Freud argues that for man to share in the joys of civilization, feelings of aggression are turned towards oneself. Consequently, the superego allows the individual to share in society.However, these feelings may be turned outwards, which results in war.