Equal Opportunities Legislation Essay
Of course Annie Davis was not free; the Emancipation Proclamation explicitly excluded those slaves that were in Union-controlled territories, or in slave states like Maryland that had not joined the Confederacy.
There is no record of a response from the Lincoln Administration.
It would take two world wars and an economic depression to bring the nation forward, and to hold Americans to the ideals of liberty and equality that form the foundation of our republic. Although just two decades earlier the United States Supreme Court had declared in the case of Plessy v.
In 1910, the noted African-American sociol- ogist W. Ferguson that the forced segregation of blacks was constitutional as long as they were given "equal" facilities, the NAACP was committed to the strategy of using litigation to widen opportunities and address racial injustice.
The 15th Amendment forbade states from denying citizens the right to vote based on their race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Throughout 1955, local sheriffs in the South stepped up the enforcement of Jim Crow laws and customs, notwithstanding the clear direction of the Supreme Court towards invalidating such segregation.
Jim Crow laws, mandating the physical separation of the races, were vigorously enforced, and those African-Americans who sought to leave the South for America's Midwest and West often had to do so under cover of darkness.
Thousands of African-Americans like Annie Davis were only half-free, completely subjugated and segregated in a society in which privilege and skin color were inextricable. Wells, educational pioneer John Dewey, and other progressives helped form the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
When the United States' entry into World War II seemed an inevitability, the African-American labor leader A.
Philip Randolph threatened a demonstration in the nation's capital to protest unjust treatment at home.