Durkheim And Law Essays Othello Love Essay
One of his nieces was Claudette (née Raphael) Bloch, a marine biologist and mother of Maurice Bloch, who became a noted anthropologist.A precocious student, Durkheim entered the École Normale Supérieure (ENS) in 1879, at his third attempt.By stating that social ties play an important role in integrating an individual in the society, Durkheim proposes the Law of Social Gravity to illustrate concretely his point.Since Durkheim wants to present a scientific way of discussing a social phenomenon, he uses "social morphology," where "structural relationships among peo...Durkheim's seminal monograph, Suicide (1897), a study of suicide rates in Catholic and Protestant populations, pioneered modern social research and served to distinguish social science from psychology and political philosophy.
He remained a dominant force in French intellectual life until his death in 1917, presenting numerous lectures and published works on a variety of topics, including the sociology of knowledge, morality, social stratification, religion, law, education, and deviance.This meant the first of many conflicts with the French academic system, which had no social science curriculum at the time.Durkheim found humanistic studies uninteresting, turning his attention from psychology and philosophy to ethics and eventually, sociology.During the 19th century, the field of social sciences has been introduced with the revolutionary ideas of a French social theorist in the person of Emile Durkheim, author of the well-known discourse on social integration and solidarity, "Suicide: A Study in Sociology." In this discourse, Durkheim illustrates suicide as a phenomenon where the process of social integration and disintegration is evident.Using the scientific method tradition in studying this phenomenon, Durkheim posits that "social structures of high intensity prevent the individual from killing him/herself" (Collins, 194).Durkheimian terms such as "collective consciousness" have since entered the popular lexicon. Much of his work was dedicated to demonstrating that religious phenomena stemmed from social rather than divine factors.While Durkheim chose not to follow in the family tradition, he did not sever ties with his family or with the Jewish community.He uses both sociology and anthropology in illustrating this point, and other viewpoints regarding the issue of social integration and disintegration in his discussion of the suicide phenomenon.In proving his stance that social solidarity plays an essential role as a process that encourages people to integrate themselves and be included within groups in the society, he proposes the Law of Social Gravity, which centers on social integration, solidarity, and interaction of people in the society.William James, John Dewey, Fustel de Coulanges, Jean-Marie Guyau, Charles Bernard Renouvier, John Stuart Mill Marcel Mauss, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Talcott Parsons, Maurice Halbwachs, Jonathan Haidt, Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, Bronisław Malinowski, Fernand Braudel, Pierre Bourdieu, Charles Taylor, Henri Bergson, Emmanuel Levinas, Steven Lukes, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, E. Evans-Pritchard, Mary Douglas, Paul Fauconnet, Robert N.Bellah, Ziya Gökalp, David Bloor, Randall Collins, Neil Smelser 15 April 1858 – 15 November 1917) was a French sociologist. Du Bois, Karl Marx and Max Weber—is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science.