Crisis Of Electricity In Pakistan Essay
In effect, this heat wave killed more than twice as many people in a matter of days as terrorism has over the entire year (as of late June, about 530 Pakistani civilians had died in terrorist attacks in 2015).
This crisis was exacerbated by rampant power outages.
Meanwhile, militants are happy to exploit Pakistan’s energy insecurity.
Over the last four years, separatists in the insurgency-riven province of Balochistan have targeted more than 100 gas lines.
As I argue in Pakistan’s Interminable Energy Crisis, a new Wilson Center report, Pakistan’s energy problems are rooted more in shortages of governance than of supply.
The energy sector suffers from transmission and distribution (T&D) losses that have exceeded 30 percent, as well as from several billion dollars of debt.
Developed countries experience deficits less frequently, though they sometimes face localized modest shortages (for example, in February 2011, power plant breakdowns caused deficits in Texas).
Wide expanses of Pakistan’s population are affected by the energy crisis.Back in April 2013, the Pakistani Taliban blew up the largest power station in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province.Half of Peshawar, the provincial capital with a population nearly as large as Los Angeles, lost power.In sum, the energy crisis threatens Pakistan’s economy and its precarious security situation, while also deleteriously affecting the lives of everyday residents across the board. Sustainable Solutions, Not Short-Term Fixes Pakistan’s Interminable Energy Crisis offers nearly 20 recommendations to ease the crisis in a meaningful and lasting way.It calls above all for a new way of thinking about energy — one that emphasizes more judicious use of existing resources.Many households had little electricity to operate fans or air conditioning units; in Karachi, some complained of having no power for more than 12 hours per day.While the rich ran emergency generators, the less fortunate faced stifling conditions that hastened heatstroke and, often enough, death.The losses are caused by bad equipment, poor maintenance, and energy theft.The debt — often described as “circular” in nature — is a consequence of cash flow problems.This means aggressively reducing T&D losses; better enforcing laws against energy theft; developing robust maintenance regimes to ensure that energy infrastructure does not fall into disrepair; and establishing incentives for consumers to use less energy.Achieving these objectives would drastically enhance energy security.