Compare And Contrast Populism And Progressivism Essay
The Progressives believed in the Hamiltonian concept of positive government, of a national government directing the destinies of the nation at home and abroad.
They had little but contempt for the strict construction of the Constitution by conservative judges, who would restrict the power of the national government to act against social evils and to extend the blessings of democracy to less favored lands.
Emerging at the end of the nineteenth century, it established much of the tone of American politics throughout the first half of the century." Historians debate the exact contours, but generally date the "Progressive Era" from the 1890s to either World War I or the onset of the Great Depression, in response to the perceived excesses of the Gilded Age.
as well as the Progressives' support of worker compensation, improved child labor laws, minimum wage legislation, a support for a maximum hours that workers could work for, graduated income tax and allowed women the right to vote.
In the North, Progressives such as William U'Ren and Robert La Follette argued that the average citizen should have more control over his government. ' In 1970, Peter Filene declared that the term 'progressivism' had become meaningless.
The Oregon System of "Initiative, Referendum, and Recall" was exported to many states, including Idaho, Washington, and Wisconsin. Forbes, president of Rochester's Board of Education, hoped to make government in the U. more responsive to the direct voice of the American people when he said: [W]e are now intensely occupied in forging the tools of democracy, the direct primary, the initiative, the referendum, the recall, the short ballot, commission government. The Progressives typically concentrated on city and state government, looking for waste and better ways to provide services as the cities grew rapidly.
Many progressives such as Louis Brandeis hoped to make American governments better able to serve the people's needs by making governmental operations and services more efficient and rational.
Taking power out of the hands of elected officials and placing that power in the hands of professional administrators reduced the voice of the politicians and in turn reduced the voice of the people.
Centralized decision-making by trained experts and reduced power for local wards made government less corrupt but more distant and isolated from the people it served.
Progressives in the South supported the elimination of supposedly corrupt black voters from the election booth. There was also a change in authority for this system; it was believed that the authority that was not properly organized had now given authority to professionals, experts, and bureaucrats for these services.
These changes led to a more solid type of municipal administration compared to the old system that was underdeveloped and poorly constructed.