Cloning And Ethical Issues Essay

In 2013, the United States debated whether they should ban prenatal engineering.The Australian government prohibits germline therapy through the “Prohibition of Human Cloning Act” (Rosario, Knooppers, & Nguyen, 2006).Germline engineering targets the genes in embryos, sperm, and eggs, in early developmental stages.The human genetic modifications affect every cell created in the developing embryo.DNA cloning involves transferring a DNA part from an organism to a genetic element with self-replicating abilities to enable the DNA to undergo self-replication in a foreign host cell (Annas et al., 2002). It has the capacity to eradicate the development of disease processes.The gene mutations can arrest diseases like cystic fibrosis, cardiac diseases, and Alzheimer’s disease.Genetic engineering is different from traditional breeding because genetic engineering involves manually moving genes from one organism to another, while in traditional breeding genes move through crossing or mating.This essay discusses human genetic engineering, and the legal and ethical issues surrounding human genetic engineering (Isasi, Knoppers, & Nguyen, 2006).

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If all the defective genes are altered with better functional genes, genetic diversity will fade away due to the fact that all humans will have the same genome or traits (Annas et al., 2002).As a result, the human population may be susceptible to unknown forms of diseases or even viruses, and this may lead to the extinction of the human population on earth (Simmons, 2008).The laws regulating and governing human genetic engineering differ from one country to another.Genetic Engineering can increase the life span of the human population.Scientists argue that by use of genetic modification, the average range of human life span could be increased to anywhere from 100 and 150 years because the modifications can lead to a deceleration in aging process (Bledrzycki, 2005).Countries that have developed laws prohibiting human gene engineering include Canada, Germany, and the United States.Countries like France, China, and Japan have set up guidelines that monitor gene therapy in clinical trials.Genetic engineering is also known as genetic modification.It is the process by which a new type of DNA is manually added to an organism, or the manipulation or modification of the genome of an organism by use of biotechnology.Genetic Engineering could lead to detection of people that are genetically prone to certain hereditary diseases, and prepare them to deal with the expected outcomes (Bledrzycki, 2005).More informed knowledge and understanding of genetics aids in the discovery of better pharmacological or pharmaceutical products.

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