The fields within each class (required or optional) are listed in order of occurrence in the output, except that a few entry types may perturb the order slightly, depending on what fields are missing. A document having an author and title, but not formally published. An entry can also contain other fields, which are ignored by those styles. This should be an ordinal, and should have the first letter capitalized, as shown here; the standard styles convert to lower case when necessary. Name(s) of editor(s), typed as indicated in the person names format. An issue of a journal or magazine is usually identified by its volume and number; the organization that issues a technical report usually gives it a number; and sometimes books are given numbers in a named series. The type of a thesis—for example, “Bachelor’s Thesis”.
These entry types are similar to those adapted by Brian Reid from the classification scheme of van Leunen  for use in the system. Optional fields: volume, number, pages, month, note. Required fields: author or editor, title, publisher, year. Usually the address of the publisher or other type of institution. The database key of the entry being cross referenced. If there is also an author field, then the editor field gives the editor of the book or collection in which the reference appears. Optional in: incollection, inproceedings, proceedings. Optional in: article, book, inbook, incollection, inproceedings, proceedings, techreport. Optional in: inbook, incollection, mastersthesis, phdthesis, techreport. Optional in: article, book, inbook, incollection, inproceedings, proceedings.
Often through first-hand accounts, these pieces explore what the challenges were, the tools and techniques that were used to combat them, and the solution that was achieved.However: For the book and inbook entry types it’s the author field, but if there’s no author then it’s the editor field; for the manual entry type it’s the author field, but if there’s no author then it’s the organization field; and for the proceedings entry type it’s the editor field, but if there’s no editor then it’s the organization field.When creating a label, the style uses the “author” information described above, but with a slight change—for the manual and proceedings entry types, the key field takes precedence over the organization field. , but it would still form a label like ‘[Ass86]’, which, however intriguing, is uninformative.Uppercase letters that should not be changed are enclosed in braces.The following two titles are equivalent; the “A” of “Africa” will not be made lowercase.Optional fields: editor, volume or number, series, type, chapter, pages, address, edition, month, note. Recall that Per Brinch Hansen’s name should be typed instead, Bib Te X would (erroneously) think “Brinch” were a First-part token, just as “Paul” is a First-part token in “John Paul Jones”, so this erroneous form would have two First tokens and one Last token. Optional fields: editor, volume or number, series, address, month, organization, publisher, note. Optional in: article, book, booklet, inbook, incollection, inproceedings, manual, mastersthesis, misc, phdthesis, proceedings, techreport, unpublished. Optional in: article, book, booklet, inbook, incollection, inproceedings, manual, mastersthesis, misc, phdthesis, proceedings, techreport. Required in: article, book, booklet, inbook, incollection, inproceedings, manual, mastersthesis, phdthesis, proceedings, techreport, unpublished. The type of a technical report—for example, “Research Note”.Here Bib Te X knows where one part ends and the other begins because the tokens in the von part begin with lower-case letters.In general, it’s a von token if the first letter at brace-level 0 is in lower case.You can use your technical skills for social good and offer volunteer support on software development projects to organizations who could not otherwise afford it.Social Coder connects volunteer programmers/software developers with registered charities and helps match them to suitable projects based on their skills, experience, and the causes they care about.