Behaviour Groups Essay Ary Thesis Statement
With regard to Milgram' study the experimenter is seen as having legitimate authority as he has scientific status.The Milgram experiment was carried out many times whereby Milgram varied the basic procedure (changed the IV).For example a person may laugh at a joke because their group of friends find it funny but deep down the person does not find the joke funny. Publicly changing behavior to fit in with the group while also agreeing with them privately.An internal (private) and external (public) change of behavior.Normative influence tends to lead to compliance because the person smokes just for show but deep down they wish not to smoke. For a study on informational influence refer to Jenness (see below).Jenness carried out a study into conformity – in his experiment participants were asked to estimate how many beans they thought was in a jar.Asch wanted to investigate whether people would conform to the majority in situations where an answer was obvious.Procedure: In Asch’s study there were 5-7 participants per group.
When Milgram moved his experiment to a set of run down offices rather than the impressive Yale University obedience dropped to 47.5%.Each group was presented with a standard line and three comparison lines.Participants had to say aloud which comparison line matched the standard line in length.However, there still be no changed to internal personal opinion. The desire to be liked – when we conform to fit in with the group because we don’t want to appear foolish or be left out.For example a person may feel pressurised to smoke because the rest of their friends are. The desire to be right – when we conform because we are unsure of the situation or lack knowledge, so we look to others who we believe may have more information than us. An example of this is if someone was to go to a posh restaurant for the first time, they may be confronted with several forks and not know which one to use, so they might look to a near by person to see what fork to use first.This is the deepest level of conformity were the beliefs of the group become part of the individual’s own belief system.An example of internalisation is if someone lived with a vegetarian at university and then decides to also become one too because they agree with their friends viewpoint / someone converting religions would also be a good example.Each participant had to make an individual estimate, and then do the same as a group.He found that when the task was carried out in a social group, the participants would report estimates of roughly the same value (even though they had previously reported quite different estimates as individuals).This shows when there is less personal responsibility obedience increases.People tend to obey others if they recognise their authority as morally right and / or legally based (i.e. This response to legitimate authority is learned in a variety of situations, for example in the family, school and workplace.