The Landed Aristocracy and Business Elites in Victorian Britain. Spring, ed., European Landed Elites in the Nineteenth Century (Baltimore, 1977), J.
On the one hand, Martin Wiener has argued in a persuasively written essay that Victorian industrialists and businessmen were lured by the attractions of the aristocratic-gentry culture, propo- gated through public schools and the charms of the country life-style, into losing their entrepreneurial vigour.2 On the other hand, those who have studied the relations between the new wealthy and the established landed aristocracy at the sensitive point of acquisitions of landed estates, W. Rubinstein and Lawrence Stone and his wife, have con- 1 There is a large literature. Spring, The English Landed Estate in the Nineteenth Century (Baltimore, 1963), D.
In fact conservatives hold a wide variety of opinions about such secondary formal matters.
For conservatives, rather, democracy is a psychological condition. The defenders of aristocracy represent aristocracy as a natural phenomenon, but in reality it is the most artificial thing on earth.
Jack turning out to be Lady Bracknell’s nephew is an example of one of the ironic inversions8 used in the play and a large part of the humour comes from this technique because the playwright inverts the audience’s expectation.
Russell Jackson highlighted Lady Bracknell’s ‘mercenary approach to life’1 which supports the idea that Wilde is portraying how fashionable Victorian society was.
Indicative topics covered by this module include: - The changing face of British politics during the long nineteenth century (c.1815-1918) - Popular radical protest - The response of the state to social change - Imperial expansion - Ireland - The rise of Labour - Warfare. In order to start winning again, liberals must answer two simple questions: what is conservatism, and what is wrong with it?As it happens, the answers to these questions are also simple: Q: What is conservatism?Of course this notion sounds bizarre to modern ears, but it is perfectly overt in the writings of leading conservative theorists such as Burke.Democracy, for them, is not about the mechanisms of voting and office-holding.These people and their allies are the conservatives.The tactics of conservatism vary widely by place and time.Lady Bracknell is the archetypal of the absolute height of a society woman while both Gwendolyn and Cecily’s characters show potential of rivaling this type of power in the future.Arguably, Lady Bracknell is the character who exerts the most power and authority throughout the play.In this sense, the character’s social position within the upper class enables her to usurp the masculine power of the play.The playwright achieves Her opinions and mannerism portrays ‘a careful and calculate speaking pattern’3 that further proves Wilde’s suggestion.