Ancient Greek Art Essay
The ores for bronze were also relatively easy to obtain.Both marble and bronze are easy to form and very durable; as in most ancient cultures there were no doubt also traditions of sculpture in wood about which we know very little, other than acrolithic sculptures, usually large, with the head and exposed flesh parts in marble but the clothed parts in wood.Seeing their gods as having human form, there was little distinction between the sacred and the secular in art—the human body was both secular and sacred.A male nude of Apollo or Heracles had only slight differences in treatment to one of that year's Olympic boxing champion.It was not until published findings by German archaeologist Vinzenz Brinkmann in the late 20th and early 21st century that the painting of ancient Greek sculptures became an established fact.Using high-intensity lamps, ultraviolet light, specially designed cameras, plaster casts, and certain powdered minerals, Brinkmann proved that the entire Parthenon, including the actual structure as well as the statues, had been painted.He analyzed the pigments of the original paint to discover their composition.Brinkmann made several painted replicas of Greek statues that went on tour around the world.
Plaster or stucco was sometimes used for the hair only.
The collection made its American debut at Harvard University in the Fall of 2007.
Brinkmann said that "no other aspect of the art of antiquity is as little understood as is the polychrome painting of temples and sculptures", and that modern sculptures, ostensibly inspired by the Greeks but left unpainted, are "something entirely new".
Also in the collection were replicas of other works of Greek and Roman sculpture, and he demonstrated that the practice of painting sculpture was the norm rather than the exception in Greek and Roman art.
Museums that hosted the exhibit included the Glyptotek Museum in Munich, the Vatican Museum, and the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, et al.