Alternative Energy Research Paper
A fundamental, generally implicit, assumption of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reports and many energy analysts is that each unit of energy supplied by non-fossil-fuel sources takes the place of a unit of energy supplied by fossil-fuel sources.
As electricity demand escalated, with supply depending largely on fossil fuels plus some hydro power and then nuclear energy, concerns arose about carbon dioxide emissions contributing to possible global warming.
Wind turbines have developed greatly in recent decades, solar photovoltaic technology is much more efficient, and there are improved prospects of harnessing the energy in tides and waves.
Solar thermal technologies in particular (with some heat storage) have great potential in sunny climates.
The (WEO2016) makes the points that VRE have five technical properties that make them distinct from more traditional forms of power generation.
First, their maximum output fluctuates according to the real-time availability of wind and sunlight.