12 Essay Hours
The IB Diploma Programme subjects became available in Spanish in 1983.
While the IB encourages students to pursue the full IB diploma, the "substantial workload require[s] a great deal of commitment, organization, and initiative".
In the United Kingdom, The Guardian newspaper claims that the IBDP is "more academically challenging and broader than three or four A-levels".
A pledge to allow children in all areas to participate in the programme, however, was shelved amid concerns that a "two-tier" education system was emerging, because the growth in IB was driven by private schools and sixth form colleges.
According to Peterson, "the breakthrough in the history of the IB" came in 1965 with a grant from the Twentieth Century Fund, which commissioned Martin Mayer, author of The Schools, to produce a report on the feasibility of establishing a common curriculum and examination for international schools that would be acceptable for entry to universities worldwide.As a result of the study and the curriculum model developed at UWC Atlantic College, Peterson initiated the pattern of combining "general education with specialization", which melded with the curricula of the United States and Canada, and became the "curriculum framework" proposed at the UNESCO conference in Geneva in 1967.In 1968, the IB headquarters were officially established in Geneva for the development and maintenance of the IBDP.An American social studies teacher, Leach organized the conference—with a 00 grant from UNESCO—which was attended by observers from European schools and UNESCO.Writing about the genesis of the International Baccalaureate in Schools Across Frontiers, Alec Peterson credits Leach as "the original promoter of the International Baccalaureate." At the end of the conference, Unesco funded the International School Association with an additional ,000, which was inadequate to do more than produce a few papers, or bring teachers together for meetings.Students may instead choose to register for one or more individual IB subjects, without the core requirements. Environmental Systems and Societies SL is an interdisciplinary course designed to meet the diploma requirements for groups 3 and 4, while Literature and Performance SL meets the requirements of Groups 1 and 6.Additionally, the IB has developed pilot courses that include World Religions; Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences, Dance, and a transdisciplinary pilot course, Literature and Performance, Global Politics.For example, in Chemistry SL, paper 1 has multiple choice questions, paper 2 has extended response questions.Paper 3 focuses on the "Option(s)" selected by the teacher and data analysis questions.In 1980, responding to criticism that the "internationalism" was Eurocentric, the IB hosted a seminar in Singapore with the goal of incorporating Asian culture and education into the IB curriculum.In 1982, the Standing Conference of Heads of IB Schools took steps to modify the Eurocentrism in the curriculum.